All believers knew about his change and how important he was in the church. Corinthians: "For this reason I have sent to you Timothy, my son whom I love, who is faithful in the Lord. He is exactly adapted to the needs of the Hebrews. Therefore, Paul was begging the Philippians to have mercy on him by thinking the same thing and by not having any discord among them. traveling with Timothy. This by hand. If he arrives soon, I will come with him to see you" (Heb 13:23). such in-depth knowledge. Paul was much better acquainted with OT law than today's theologians. of the readers. Be merciful to me. The letter to the Hebrews is characterized by a larger vocabulary and an upscale style of writing, which bothers attributed to Paul in most churches and for most translators until some theologians started questioning everything and favoring pure guesswork. That was the opinion of the first Christian church. are all addressed to specific recipients, the [1] churches, [2] Hebrews, and [3] brothers. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. This has to be considered for what it means, it means that Jesus is the creator of the earth and the creator of man, and that as the creator he has come In other words, they were not one in soul. Even today many Christians can not understand the Letter to the Hebrews. It is not known if the letter to the Hebrews was made in time after these 9 letters, but its positioning at the 10th position has been proven since the beginning of the canonization of the NT and that is the most important. knowledge of both the author and the reader itself. He explains that God's laws aren't trying to hold us down, but give us freedom instead. In asking this, he was implying that their discord was causing him to suffer. Paul not only knew the Christian, but also the OT way of thinking since his earliest youth. From the first collections of Christian scriptures to the present, it is clear which book belongs to the canon of the Bible. However, there are some good reasons to consider that at least some of his Prison Epistles were written earlier. The church in Philippi was much different from the church in Corinth, which was a mess, with lawsuits, fornication, and debates about doctrine, the Lord’s table, and the spiritual gifts. Timothy has been released. However, it is exactly the opposite, Timothy, Paul’s close associate, was also involved in transcribing and delivering Paul’s letters (Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; Philemon 1:1). Following Paul’s Epistles are eight General Epistles, also known as the Catholic Epistles, and are written to a universal audience. What Are the Epistles in the Bible? The epistle of James is one of the earliest New Testament books and was written by James, the half-brother of Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:7). Anyone who wants to doubt and Bible, and to follow the spirit of the times. As you study, the Epistles don’t skip over the introduction, which is so critical to understand the audience being addressed. Yet … There are not just theories, That's why they do not (The Experience of Christ, Chapter 4, by Witness Lee). he [Jesus] made the universe" (Heb 1). completely different from that of the Gentile Christians. The connecting and most important thing for all Christians is that there Hebrews letter would be one of Paul's last letters (or the last one?). Of all the churches in the New Testament, the best church was the church at Philippi. In 1792, the Englishman Deist Edward Evanson also denied the authenticity of the Epistle to the Romans and some theologians wanted to abolish almost all of Paul's "Don’t let anyone look down on you because you are young, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith and in purity "(1 Timothy 4:12). First, let's catalog Paul's imprisonments that we know of. Yes, the writing style and We can sympathize with the Apostle Paul because among us today we have different levels of love, not the same love. Only the order of the books was changed over the centuries in the Christian churches, but not the content. The English Wikipedia page (keyword The elders were not merely elders, but also bishops. the 16th century and then again from the 19th century, some theologians began to speak of only 13 Pauline letters and began to think of new He could have dictated it and a younger brother could have written it He asked them to think not only the same thing, but even the one thing. That is not correct. all the Pauline letters from the Bible and call them merely a "Christian Talmud", that is, a collection of theological writings that do not belong to the Bible. To some brothers and sisters their love was hot, but to others it was cold. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. groups: [1st] to the 7 Christian churches in the diaspora, [2nd] to the Hebrews, and [3rd] to certain brothers. As we have seen, in the second chapter of this book Paul begged the Philippians to sympathize with him. The Spanish Bear Bible 1569 ("Biblia del (mainly from the Septuagint, LXX) and describes Christ's fulfillment. But they were at least written under his guidance or collaboration. I beg you to have compassion toward me. completeness and the 1x7 = 7 parts, 2x7 = 14 sub-parts of the Bible with the 3x7 = ready" (1Cor 3:2). The introduction of an epistle is followed by the main body of the letter and concludes with a blessing and a personal note to individuals within the church he’s addressing. More info: The construction of the Bible. Gamaliel was a Jewish patriarch and the most important figure of rabbinic Judaism around the middle of the first century AD. These include the following: We do not know who the author of Hebrews is. If you are not one in soul, then you are ill just as the Philippians were. Paul wrote together with Timothy the Second Epistle to the Corinthians, and the Letters to the Philippians, Colossians, and the Philemon Epistle (2 Cor These transition phrases help readers of the Epistles understand the flow of the argument(s) of the book. an "unknown writer" and overlook all the above facts? This is not a problem. Why was the Epistle to the Hebrews written differently? The Pastoral Epistles (1 and 2 Timothy and Titus) were written to church leaders and include teaching focusing on worship services and church order within the early church. template for subsequent Bibles. The Philippians had problems both in the mind and in the emotion. Epistle of Paul, the Apostle to the Hebrews". Epistles follow a fairly recognizable template. In it all 14 (not 13) epistles are called "the letters of St. Pauli". the NT are: 14 (2x7) Pauline Letters plus 7 (1x7) General Letters. Paul wrote to the All rights reserved. In various theological writings, Paul is questioned as the author of the letter (=epistle) to the Hebrews. All rights reserved. God wants security and no guesses. Rather, there was discord among them. How is it today? Jude was written by Jude, another half-brother of Jesus (Jude 1:1). This would also conceal the In other words, they were not one in soul. However, there are still many the time it was much harder to read the very precious OT scrolls. Sinaiticus, Papyrus 46 and Codex Vaticanus) place Hebrews under Paul's Epistles. 1:2,18; 6:20; 2Tim 1:2, Phlm 1:1, Heb 13:23). What Is the Significance of the Promised Land in the Bible? 14 Paul Epistles. Dating, mental or physical writers and Christian teamwork. Timothy is mentioned 24 times established in the NT for a single letter (Epistle). rejected by the Jewish (Hebrew) priesthood. The NT would then not consist of 7 subdivisions, but 8. know it! everywhere in every church" (1 Cor 4:17). The Great Bible 1541 writes as headline: "The Epistle of Sayncte Paule the Apostle to the Hebrues". Oso", Reina): "La Epistola del Apostol S. Paulo a los Hebreos". Why Does the Bible Say Our Words Overflow from Our Heart? We have the same illness today. all the letters on his own. The oldest surviving translation of the NT into German is the Augsburg In other words, they indirectly implies that Paul was supposedly not intelligent enough to articulate in such a detailed and The Acts of the Apostles chapter 5 speaks of They also need spiritual milk as spiritual food. Then Paul also mentions the family of Timothy, the grandmother Lois, and But Paul, unlike anyone else, was a Pharisee since his youth, taught by his family since childhood in the law and the entire OT. This exact translation was used as a Yes, the writing style and vocabulary in the Epistle to the Hebrews is somewhat different from the other Letters/Epistles, but it is precisely adapted to the needs of the Hebrews. Towards the end of the What Is an Epistle? Epistles were primarily written communications during the time of the New Testament. In both letters, Paul gives him clear instructions on how to behave as a young man in the church and what he should teach and exhort (1 Tim 5:2-3). The official Catholic name that Dietenberger (Professor at the University of Mainz and But in wisdom he did not tell them how sorrowful he was. 14 Pauline Epistles. Paul did not write the second Epistle to the Corinthians, the For if anyone says that the Pauline Epistles do not belong to the Bible, then the 7 General Epistles are pointless, for even Peter confirms “ALL” of When the epistles discuss faith, it is about keeping and maintaining God's commandments. speeches in the book of Acts testify to his extraordinary fluency and his great knowledge. usually has the same purpose again and again, namely to sow doubt on the entire Word of God and question everything. Most scholars have assumed the Paul wrote the Prison Epistles from Rome during his imprisonment there (Acts 28:16, 30-31), and that may be the case. Simply because it was addressed to other addressees. In the beginning of his Epistle to the Philippians, Paul addressed the saints, the bishops, and the deacons. Each church had its specific needs and problems. It was different with Martin Luther, who classified the content of the epistle to the Hebrews as too little "Christian" and doubted Paul spiritual dimension behind the letter can understand. Luther simply put these so-called "Jewish writings" at the end of the NT. Pauline letters of the Bible (while it is missing in some other languages and only 13 Paulus epistles are listed): 6. In such a case, we do not have a co-soul, but an individualistic soul. The words were mostly addressed to Gentile Christians. Paul seemed to be saying, "Do not cause me further hurt by your discord. of the first Christian church, since the NT writings were written decades after Jesus' resurrection. Bibles worldwide that do not divide Paul's letters. I have the assurance that all the saints are one in spirit, but I doubt that we are one in soul. beginnings, from the 6th chapter he goes on to the solid food, and even the first chapter in its spiritual significance is already very demanding. Christian teamwork (see above). understand it and see that Paul writes quite differently ("more complicated") than before. translation of the Catholic Church; continues to include Hebrews in the group of the so-called "Pauline Letters". Only in THE REASON FOR THE WRITING OF THIS EPISTLE, THE SPIRIT OF JESUS AND THE FELLOWSHIP IN THE GOSPEL, THE EXPERIENCE OF CHRIST AND THE ENJOYMENT OF CHRIST, EXPERIENCING A LITTLE OF CHRIST AT A TIME, OBTAINING THAT FOR WHICH WE HAVE BEEN OBTAINED, EXPERIENCING THE SPIRIT BY EMPTYING OURSELVES, CHRIST REVEALED IN VARIOUS BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, NOT HAVING OUR OWN RIGHTEOUSNESS, BUT GOD ’S RIGHTEOUSNESS, THE MEEKNESS AND CONSIDERATENESS OF CHRIST, THE WAY TO KNOW THE POWER OF CHRIST ’S RESURRECTION, EXPERIENCING RESURRECTION BY SETTING OURSELVES ASIDE, SUFFERING FOR PRODUCING AND BUILDING UP THE BODY, THE TEMPTATION TO TURN FROM THE CRUCIFIED LIFE, CONFORMED TO CHRIST ’S DEATH FOR THE RELEASE AND IMPARTATION OF LIFE, THE SECRET OF ENJOYING THE INDWELLING SPIRIT, Electronic Publications (Kindle, EPUB, iSilo). discipline-specific way. century, Jerome, the author of the Latin Bible translation Vulgate 382, doubted the authorship of Paul, as the writing was different and the content too "Jewish." There are many more examples. As a learned Pharisee, Paul knew this particular That means concrete: When we speak of "Pauline epistles", we never mean that Paul wrote That could reach the heart of the Hebrews. The letter to the Hebrews was German Pfalzgraf Kurfürst Ottheinrich) and all the church leaders had no problem and wrote in Latin "Paul ad Hebreos" as a heading. However, anyone who does not agree with what has been said above can remain with the "unknown writer" as long as he does not falsify the Epistle to the Thessalonians were even written by Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy (1 Thess 1:1; 2 Thess 1:1). This is exactly how most translators of the Bible have thought throughout the world. The authors of the Epistles (Peter, Paul, or John) or a family member of the Lord Jesus (James and Jude) were all inspired by the Holy Spirit (2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:20-21), and the letters are preserved as part of the New Testament’s writings today. Why do some people try so hard to prove that this letter was not written by him? Even the authorship of letters to the Ephesians and Colossians was controversial among Paul quotes many scriptures throughout the OT It states unequivocally: "Then writes sanct Paulus in the Bible ad Hebreos". They a mysterious unknown writer". They needed spiritual milk because they were spiritual babies. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Rather, there was discord among them. Sign up for free now at https://www.jimdo.com. The very first sentences of the Epistle to the Hebrews have dramatic implications, for it is said that God has often spoken to the fathers and now speaks through Jesus Christ "through whom also Only a few people Philemon). The apostles sent letters to churches to instruct the people there. For example, Paul, Peter, and John wrote epistles or letters to churches or individuals (Timothy, Titus, Philemon). that this man really has the authority to write such spiritual content to the Hebrews. These are: Within the Pauline epistles are a group of letters known as the Prison Epistles (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon). Unlike many other brothers, Paul wrote to the Corinthians: "I gave you milk, not solid food, for you were not yet ready for it. Why Can it Be Hard to Understand the Bible? Simply because it was addressed to other addressees. There were several fishermen among the disciples of Jesus (Peter, John, Andrew, James) who had spent If we each think differently, it is an indication that we are not together in our soul. He is exactly adapted to the needs of the Hebrews. His education under Gemaliel and his great speeches in Acts show this. For example, Paul’s letters begin with an introduction where he identifies himself to his audience, mentions any known associations, and gives a greeting. Paul wrote this book because the Philippians were not one in their way of thinking. In the French NT of Albert Rilliet 1860, the Letter to the Hebrews is at the 10th position of the Jesus has given His people His love letter, which is His revealed Word. 1:1; Phil 1:1; Col 1:1; Phlm 1:1). (with a few exceptions) always assigned to Paul. But those who know the OT (Hebrews and Christians) understand this letter and it's not complicated at discussions without end, since everyone could now choose which books (including the apocrypha) in the New Testament (NT) would like and which he does not want to have in the Bible. Therefore, Paul encouraged them to have the same love. knows exactly what he is talking about. The catholic Low German Lübecker Bible 1494 calls the letter Over the decades, his already good Greek (Paul was a Roman citizen) has improved and become more demanding. Even Peter has confirmed the importance of the letters of Paul (2 Peter 3:14-18). Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians). Whoever argues in such a way must also abolish the book of Acts, for in it the journeys of Paul have taken a very broad place. 21 (3x7) Letters of the NT. Living Stream Ministry publishes the works of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, providing the authoritative and definitive collections of treasures from these two servants of the Lord Jesus Christ. only circulating but also recognized and accepted. So also the New Jerusalem He reminds us that God's laws are absolute, not optional. When we speak of "Pauline epistles", it does not mean that Paul was the only one who worked on the manuscripts. I studied under Gamaliel epistle to the Hebrews (rather than for another person). but clear facts: 1. Oh, Philippian brothers, I am weeping in prison for you because you are not in one accord, because you are not one in mind and in soul. modern theologians. 2. Now, if you read the entire NT and ask yourself, who would be the most likely to write a letter to the Hebrews, then the choice is very small and only Paul can be considered. Furthermore, those in this church took care of the needs of the Apostle Paul. Hebrews 13:23 is a very passages. In the 4th It would not be logical for the only passage (Heb 13:23) not to refer to a connection with Paul. Luther (in contrast to all other Bibles) divided the group of 14 Pauline letters and placed the 3 for him "too Jewish" and Again: The Epistle to the Hebrews does not belong to the end, but into the middle of the 21 Letters of the NT (more info Instead, he spoke a positive word, asking them to encourage him and to have mercy upon him. This agrees exactly with other passages in the Bible (John 1:1-18; 8:56-59; 1Cor 8:6; Col All the saints in the church were zealous for the gospel and for the Lord’s interests. Paul thought of the whole Christian Church, not just of the Gentile Christians. Otherwise something would be missing, because their way of thinking was as the author. which appeared in response to the Luther Bible in 1522 had no problem with Paul. because the Letter to the Hebrews even declares Jesus Christ (=the Word or Yahweh) even as the creator of the earth and of the people (Hebr 1) and describes his broad work already at the time of But among the Hebrews he could speak quite differently and argue in a different way, for they needed not only milk, but also solid But the most important thing is that the Corpus Paulinum (the first Christian collection of of accepted and canonized letters) and the oldest manuscripts (Codex vocabulary in the Epistle to the Hebrews is somewhat different from the other Letters/Epistles, but it is precisely adapted to the needs of the Hebrews. Therefore, Paul encouraged them to have the same love. Paul was not called out of the Gentiles by God, but from the people of the Hebrews. "Pauline But in Philippi everything was very good. John, the same author of the Gospel of John and Revelation, wrote 1-3 John. They would not be able to write such a letter, as it requires a great deal of Why then was this book written? The Greek prefix in the phrase "one soul" in verse 2 may also be translated "together." This proves how important this young man was to Paul. Epistles in the Scriptures are only found in the New Testament, which contains 21 such letters extending from Romans to Jude. He has also published 9 very personal letters to the 7 churches in the Diaspora (Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Are you certain that you are one in soul with the other saints? Gentile Christians know nothing of a Melchizedek, but a Hebrew knows exactly what is meant and can understand Paul's These are all dramatic statements that aim to lead the Church of God away from the Word of the parchment manuscript from 1350 ("Augsburger Pergament-Handschrift"). He was personally called by Jesus Christ (Acts 9). The New Testament is a collection of twenty-seven documents from four genres: gospels (4), acts (1), epistles (21), and apocalypse (1). Paul is a hot topic for many Christians, especially for feminists, for his They also help Bible readers understand the purpose of the book, and much more. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The letter to the Hebrews has a tremendous spiritual content that only those who are familiar with the OT and understand the his mother Eunice, whom he knew well (2 Timothy 1:5). In his opinion, these three writings were not supposed to adequately appreciate Christ and he put these 3 "unloved" books at the end of the NT. It names the letter "Paulus to the Hebrews". It says, "I want you to know that our brother Paul expected that all the believers in a locality, no matter how great the number might be, would think the same thing, have the same love, and be together in one soul. The numerical symbolism of the Bible speaks for a Letter from Paul. Everything else would only be guesses, as even Mr. Origen (* 185, † 254) admitted himself: "Who wrote the letter, the truth knows only God." For example, Paul, Peter, and John wrote epistles or letters to churches or individuals (Timothy, Titus, Philemon). a new person who had not yet appeared as a writer, then this new person should have been called by name. there are still many 8. The word epistle comes from the Greek word epistole, meaning letter or message. Paul was not a student, he was a master, a teacher, a professional. into the flesh of man to protect his created creation from eternal death, i. save from the second death. There is no evidence for another unknown and suspected person whose position and authority within the Church is completely unknown. Paul's Epistles (2 Peter 3:14-18). quickly... do your best to get here before winter" (2 Timothy 4:9,21). Why should he write to the Gentiles, forgetting his own relatives, the Hebrews, his own family? scholars date the Hebrews to 64-70 AD. If it were not Paul, but Even so, a letter is not very personal, so the Lord Jesus sends the Holy Spirit (John 15-17), who uses the Word in the life of Christians to help them walk in the grace of God. The German Mentelin Bible 1466 was the world's first printed Bible in a national language. Hebrews." some theologians. © 2014 Living Stream Ministry. But the Letter to the Hebrews belongs to the 10th place, that is directly after the 9 letters to the 7 churches, that is, to the center of the They suffered from the sickness of not being one in soul. This indicates that the church at Philippi had been established. Why should the NT speak of another unknown person who is not even explained, especially since Timothy often traveled with 3. The writings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee focus on the enjoyment of the divine life, which all the believers possess, and on the building up of the church, the goal of God's work with man in this age. All this makes no sense at all. Paul even criticized the Hebrews for the fact that some still needed milk, even though they should have been teachers long ago (Heb 5:12-14). "To Timothy, my dear son" (2 Timothy 1:2). Even critics had to admit that the mention of "Timothy" is a very clear reference to Paul. them. It is not logical, if all the many passages in the NT refer to Paul, to transfer the passage in Hebrews 13:23 to another unknown person who was to travel with Timothy. letters. Thus, Only the order of the books was changed over the centuries in the Christian churches, but not the content. Christianity consider writing the Epistle to the Hebrews, for such a great knowledge of the whole of the OT, and especially of its spiritual significance, presupposes years of study. Some This makes no sense, because the 7 is the number of The majority opinion, however, is that the drafting took place much later, namely after the destruction of Jerusalem (70 AD), ie between 80-90 AD. If you have mercy on me, an old man in prison for the sake of the gospel, you will fulfill my joy by thinking the same thing and by having the same love. They would not understand and it would be too much for His style of writing was adapted to the knowledge the Hebrew Bible but the Greek translation (Septuagint) and also took the apocrypha to the Bible. Bishop's Bible 1568 titled: "The Epistle of Saint Paul, the Apostle, unto the Hebrewes". But so they could see that Paul has rich knowledge and Paul wrote specific letters to three For the Gentile Christians Paul used a very simple language because otherwise they would be overwhelmed. And why? Dominican) used was: "Epistle S. Paul to the Hebrews". Ecclesiastical period), the Epistle to the Hebrews always belonged to the "Corpus Paulinum", the first Christian list of the 14 (not 13) Pauline letters. Paul wrote this book because the Philippians were not one in their way of thinking. authors (eg Apollos, Priscilla, Luke or Clement of Rome, Barnabas, Peter, Philip, Judas, Aristion, Timothy). This was Christian teamwork. in the NT and ALWAYS in connection with Paul (Acts 16:1-8; 17:14,15; 18:5; 19:21-22; 20:1-5; Rom 16:21; 1Cor 4:17; 16:10; 2Cor 1:1,19; Phil 1:1; 2:19; Col 1:1; 1Thess 1:1; 3:2,6; 2Thess 1:1; 1Tim 1 Peter, for example, mentions Silvanus or Silas (1 Peter 5:12) as transcribing Peter’s letter. remove some of the 27 New Testament books creates a spiritual chaos within the Christian church, because it promotes controversy and Hebrews or remove it from the NT. He had access to the scrolls of the Bible. Thirteen of the Epistles are written by the Apostle Paul. An epistle was a letter written on a scroll most often dictated by an author to a scribe and then reviewed by the author before being delivered by a trustworthy messenger. These epistles were written during Paul’s two-year house arrest in Rome (Acts 28:30-31). reasoning and can also recognize the spiritual dimension (Heb 7). This is exactly how most translators of the Bible have thought Philippians, Colossians, and even Philemon letters alone, but together with Timothy, as Paul himself points out (2 Cor 1:1; Phil 1:1; Col 1:1; Phlm 1:1). This means that the church knew very well who the author of this letter is and who is the person These include the German Einheitsübersetzung 1980 (translated: Unified Translation), the official Why then was this book written? Even so, Paul verifies in each letter he writes that he is the author (Galatians 6:11). It was therefore specifically addressed. it was so important not to forget his own people and to write a personal letter also to the brothers coming from Judaism. What Does it Mean to Be an ‘Ambassador of Christ’ in 2 Corinthians 5:20? Bible 1985 ("Letters of Paul" including Hebrews). 4. Not only that, for Paul was one who was not independent, but active "on the authority of the chief priests" (Acts 26:4-12; 22:5). One part of the 21 epistles of the NT has If the Epistle to the Hebrews had not been written by Paul, then a new subcategory would have to be That makes no sense. They were a real loving family. throughout the world. The pseudo-Pauline epistles were written for sound theological reasons, but they were to be read by a wider audience in the times of their real authors. The fact that no one was mentioned explicitly by name, however, suggests Paul as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, of whom numerous other letters in all churches were not
2020 why were the epistles written