– "What do I hear? Guillaume Tell (en galego, Guillerme Tell) é unha ópera en catro actos con música de Gioachino Rossini e libreto en francés de Étienne de Jouy e Hippolyte Bis, baseados na obra Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich Schiller, que ten como protagonista ao lendario heroe da independencia suíza Guillerme Tell.Foi estreada na Ópera Garnier de París o 3 de agosto de 1829 Several portions of the overture were used prominently in the films A Clockwork Orange and The Eagle Shooting Heroes; in addition, Dmitri Shostakovich quotes the main theme of the finale in the first movement of his 15th symphony. Paris Opéra archivist Charles Malherbe discovered the original orchestral score of the opera at a secondhand book seller's shop, resulting in its being acquired by the Paris Conservatoire.[2]. The activities are interrupted by the ranz des vaches resounding from the hills (often performed by off-stage horns, and echoing in its theme the ranz de vaches in the opera's overture). Walter and a group of confederates arrive, having seen the burning house. Rodolphe recognises him as the man who assisted in Leuthold's escape, and Gesler orders his arrest. Viljem Tell je tudi naslov zadnje Rossinijeve opere (1829), ki je nastala po literarni predlogi - drami Wilhelm Tell Friedricha Schillerja. Arnold and his band enter, and break the happy news: they have taken Altdorf. He is persuaded by Hedwige to bless the couples at the celebration. The blessing is followed by singing, dancing and an archery contest that Tell's young son Jemmy wins with his first shot – a result of his "paternal heritage". [7] It was revived at the Metropolitan Opera in 1923 with Rosa Ponselle and Giovanni Martinelli, and there were revivals during the 1930s in Milan, Rome, Paris, Berlin and Florence. As the three men affirm their dedication – "to independence or death" – they hear the sound of someone else approaching. She is, like Arnold, anguished by the love she feels for her rescuer, and contemplates it as she sings (Sombre forêt, désert triste et sauvage – "Somber forest, sad and savage wilderness"). V nasprotnem primeru bi usmrtili oba. William Tell (French: Guillaume Tell, Italian: Guglielmo Tell) is a French-language opera in four acts by Italian composer Gioachino Rossini to a libretto by Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy and L. F. Bis, based on Friedrich Schiller's play William Tell, which, in turn, drew on the William Tell legend. Hearing the Governor's horns, they too take their leave. It is Jemmy who notices the hurried approach of the pale, trembling and wounded shepherd, Leuthold, who killed one of Gesler's soldiers to defend his daughter and is fleeing the governor's forces. Hedwige is wandering by the lake, distraught. Fabio Luisi said that Rossini planned for William Tell to be his last opera even as he composed it. [8], In the later 20th century there were major productions in Florence (1972), Geneva (1979, 1991), La Scala (1988), Théâtre des Champs-Élysées (1989), Covent Garden (1990), and then Opéra Bastille (2003)[3] as well as at the Sportspalace in Pesaro (lasting over 5 hours, 1995). Wilhelm Tell (francuski: Guillaume Tell; talijanski: Guglielmo Tell) legendarni je švicarski nacionalni junak koji je navodno živio u 14. stoljeću u švicarskom kantonu Uri.. Legenda. Gesslerja je ta komentar tako razjaril, da je Tella dal ukleniti in ga z ladjo poslal na svoj grad v Küssnacht. Tellovo kljubovanje je zanetilo upor, ki je pripeljal do ustanovitve stare švicarske konfederacije, predhodnice švicarske države. The horns also signal the arrival of Melchthal, a respected elder of the canton. Seeing the men armed, Arnold launches into the hugely demanding (Amis, amis, secondez ma vengeance – "Friends, friends, assist my vengeance"), replete with multiple and sustained top Cs. Viljem Tell (nemško Wilhelm Tell; francosko Guillaume Tell; italijansko Guglielmo Tell) je legendarni heroj, katerega resnični (zgodovinski) obstoj je vprašljiv. Characters portrayed on the Obers and Unters include: Hermann Gessler, Walter Fürst, Rudolf Harras and William Tell. It was first performed by the Paris Opéra at the Salle Le Peletier on 3 August 1829, but within three performances cuts were being made and after a year only three acts were performed. Gesler commands that there should be dancing and singing to mark the century during which the empire has "deigned to sustain [Swiss] weakness", and a variety of dances and choruses follow. Arnold, aware of Tell's arrest, is dispirited, but, set on revenge, draws strength from being in his father's former home and sings a moving lament (Ne m'abandonne point, espoir de la vengeance... Asile héréditaire... – "Do not abandon me, hope of vengeance... Home of my forefathers"). V nevihti na jezeru Lucern je Tellu uspelo pobegniti. Horn fanfares herald the approach of Gesler, the Austrian governor, whom the Swiss detest, and his entourage. [4] When performed, the opera is often cut. Resolved, they leave to storm Altdorf and free Tell. Scene 1: A ruined/deserted chapel in the Altdorf palace grounds. Resigned, Tell retrieves his bow from the soldiers, but takes two arrows from his quiver and hides one of them. He dies a victim of his love for his country"). The boat pulls into view, and Tell jumps ashore before pushing the boat back. Naložili so mu kazen, naj z glave svojega sina Walterja sestreli jabolko. [3] The opera's length, roughly four hours of music, and casting requirements, such as the high range required for the tenor part, have contributed to the difficulty of producing the work. A hunting party of ladies and gentlemen, accompanied by soldiers, hears the sound of the shepherds returning from the hills as night approaches. [10] A live recording of this concert performance was released in 2011, and the production was transferred to The Proms in July of that year, with Michele Pertusi taking on the title role, Patricia Bardon[11] as Hedwige, Nicolas Courjal as Gessler, and Mark Stone as Leuthold. The opera was Rossini's last, although he lived for nearly 40 more years. Priznanje avtorstva-Deljenje pod enakimi pogoji 3.0. When he tells her that it was Gesler who had his father executed, she denounces his crime, and recognises the impossibility of their love (Pour notre amour, plus d'espérance – "All hope for our love has gone"). Gesler announces his intention to take Tell across Lake Lucerne to the fort at Kusnac/Küssnacht, and there to throw him to the reptiles in the lake. These cards spread across the Austro-Hungarian Empire and are still the most common German-suited playing cards in that part of the world today. In the distance, she hears Jemmy calling. Hermann Gessler, novonastavljeni avstrijski Vogt (glavar) Altdorfa je na glavnem vaškem trgu dvignil drog, na vrh katerega je obesil svoj klobuk. 18. novembra 1307 je Tell brez nezgode z enim samim strelom preklal sadež na pol. However, his son Arnold, though of marriageable age, is not participating and is evidently uncomfortable. Guillaume Tell és una òpera en quatre actes de Gioachino Rossini segons un llibret francès d'Étienne de Jouy i Hippolyte Bis, basat al seu torn en Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich von Schiller sobre el personatge de Guillem Tell.S'estrenava a l'Opéra de París el 3 d'agost de 1829. The entire on-stage cast sings in celebration (Célebrons tous en ce beau jour, le travail, l'hymen et l'amour – "Let all celebrate, on this glorious day, work, marriage and love"). Wikimedijina zbirka ponuja več predstavnostnega gradiva o temi: Viljem Tell Inspired, he devises his test: Tell must shoot an arrow through an apple balanced on Jemmy's head – should he refuse, both of them will die. The famous overture to the opera is often heard independently of the complete work. In quick succession, they are joined by the men of Schwyz (En ces temps de malheurs) and Uri (Guillaume, tu le vois). [5] As Hofer, or the Tell of the Tyrol, the opera was first performed at Drury Lane in London on 1 May 1830 (in English), with a production in Italian following in 1839 at Her Majesty's, and in French at Covent Garden in 1845. Arnold has come to tell Mathilde that, instead of leaving for battle, he is staying to avenge his father, and thereby renouncing both glory and Mathilde. He is amazed to see his house burning in the distance. On the heights of Rütli, overlooking the Lake and the Cantons. [1] The often-performed overture in four sections features a depiction of a storm and a vivacious finale, the "March of the Swiss Soldiers". Wikimedijina zbirka ponuja več predstavnostnega gradiva o temi: Čas zadnje spremembe strani: 20:17, 7. oktober 2017. The Teatro San Carlo produced the opera in 1833, but then did not give another production for around 50 years. The gathering is complete, and the tone and tempo of the finale rises as the men of the three cantons affirm their willingness to fight or die for the freedom of Switzerland (Jurons, jurons par nos dangers – "Let us swear, let us swear by our dangers"). William Tell (French: Guillaume Tell, Italian: Guglielmo Tell) is a French-language opera in four acts by Italian composer Gioachino Rossini to a libretto by Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy and L. F. Bis, based on Friedrich Schiller's play William Tell, which, in turn, drew on the William Tell legend. Mathilde enters and claims Jemmy in the name of the emperor, refusing to let a child die (Vous ne l'obtiendrez pas – "You will not have him"). The performance was very well reviewed, and marked the first full performance of the work in the history of the Proms. Jemmy tells his mother that Tell is no longer in Altdorf, but on the lake, at which point Hedwige begins precipitously to mourn (Sauve Guillaume! Revived, Arnold points them to the weapons cache that his father and Tell had prepared. William Tell stands apart from the general merriment, however: he is consumed with ennui at Switzerland's continued oppression (Il chante, et l'Helvétie pleure sa liberté – "He sings, and Helvetia mourns her liberty"). The overture has four parts, each linked to the next: By the shore of Lake Lucerne, at Bürglen in the canton of Uri. Arnold moves off to greet their arrival, as Mathilde will accompany them, but is stopped by Tell. https://sl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viljem_Tell&oldid=4906188, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji VIAF, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji LCCN, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji ISNI, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji GND, Wikipedijini članki z identifikatorji NKC, Creative Commons In 2010 there was an important revival of the opera, when it opened the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia's season, under Antonio Pappano. Gessler ga je nato vprašal, zakaj ima v toku še eno puščico. Would-be "confederates" arrive, sharing and reinforcing his hope of vengeance. Arnold, offended by their spying, declares his intention to continue fighting for the Austrians, and thus gain glory, rather than liberty. For the Grétry opera, see, Lithograph of the composer by Charlet Ory, 1829, Kirby, Percival R., "Rossini's Overture to, Manuscript letter with Rossini's autograph signature from Rossini to Valentino (Paris, 9 August 1829), thanking Valentino for preparing and conducting the orchestra (, "Report from Santa Cecilia", 3 September 2010, on santacecilias.it, "Review: A New, Abstract 'Guillaume Tell' at the Met Opera", BnF catalogue général – Notice bibliographique, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, International Music Score Library Project, Portrait of the opera in the Online opera guide www.opera-inside.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Tell_(opera)&oldid=987339627, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Ah, Mathilde, je t'aime et je t'adore" (Arnold, act 1), "Que la gloire puisse exalter nos cœurs" (Arnold, Tell and Walter, act 2), "Pour notre amour... Sur la rive étrangère" (Mathilde, act 3), "Asile héréditaire... Amis, amis, secondez ma vengeance" (Arnold, act 4), Osborne, Richard (2004), "Rossini's Life", in Emanuele Senici (Ed. However, when Walter tells him that Gesler has executed his father Melchthal, Arnold vows revenge (Qu'entends-je? Leuthold arrives, telling the assembled villagers that the boat carrying Tell, Gesler and the soldiers is being driven towards the rocks by a storm that has broken over the lake – Leuthold believes that the chains have been removed from Tell's hands, so that he might pilot the boat to safety. The gathered Swiss fighters and women sing a paean to the magnificence of nature and the return of freedom in a lyrical C major (Tout change et grandit en ces lieux... Liberté, redescends des cieux – "Everything is changing and growing grander in this place... Liberty, descend again from heaven") as the ranz des vaches motif returns once again and finally. The fisherman, Ruodi, sings a gentle love song from his boat (to orchestral accompaniment from the harps and flutes). The action opens on an idyllic scene, with the local peasants busily preparing chalets for three newly wedded couples, singing as they work (Quel jour serein le ciel présage – "What a serene day the sky foretells"). It is the day of the Shepherd Festival, in May, near Lake Lucerne. Inquiring as to where Arnold is going, Tell persuades him to consider joining the planned rebellion against the governor. [6] In New York, William Tell was first presented on 19 September 1831. It is the men of the canton of Unterwalden coming to join the fight, and describing their journey in a rather gentle refrain (Nous avons su braver). The clouds break, and the sun shines on a pastoral scene of wild beauty. Segunda la legenda, 'l Güjelm Tell l'è nassüü e vivüü intra la fin del XIII e 'l prenzipi del XIV secul a Bürglen, in del Cantun Uri, e l'era un gran tiradur de balestra. Viljem Tell iz Bürglena je bil znan kot izvrsten strelec s samostrelom. Tell mu je odvrnil, da bi v primeru, da bi svojega sina zadel, svoj lok obrnil nanj. In commemoration, Gesler has had his hat placed on top of a pole and the Swiss are ordered and then forced to pay homage to the hat. She tells the other women she intends to beg Gesler for Tell's life. V njegovem času so Habsburžani hoteli zavzeti Uri. Mathilde, however, lingers, believing she has glimpsed Arnold in the vicinity. [13][14], According to an anecdote, when an admirer told the composer that he had heard his opera the previous night, Rossini replied "What? The assembled Swiss are horrified at this cruelty, but Jemmy urges his father to courage, and refuses to be tied up for the challenge. ), Tell's family and friends take comfort in Tell's skills as an archer, which will surely save them. Gesler's guards arrive, led by Rodolphe, who is further incensed by the villagers' prayers and their evident joy at the escape. A última edición desta páxina foi o 16 de xaneiro de 2020 ás 10:18. They leave, amid conflicting cries of "Anathema on Gesler" from the people, and "Long live Gesler" from the soldiers. [6] When the opera was performed at Gran Teatre del Liceu (Barcelona) in 1893, an anarchist threw two Orsini bombs in the theatre. Foi estreada na Ópera Garnier de París o 3 de agosto de 1829. Roger Alier, Marc Heilbron y Fernando Sans Rivière: https://gl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guillaume_Tell&oldid=5358738, Wikipedia:Páxinas que usan ligazóns máxicas ISBN, licenza Creative Commons recoñecemento compartir igual 3.0. The whole of it?". The opera was Rossini's last, although he lived for nearly 40 more years. Umrl naj bi leta 1354, med poskusom reševanja utapljajočega se otroka iz gorske reke Schächenbach v Uriju. El Güjelm Tell (nom uriginal: Wilhelm Tell) l'è un om legendari, una figüra mitega, de l'indipendensa sgüissera che l'avaria vivüü in del Cantun Uri intra 'l 13° e 'l 14° secul.. La Legenda. In their duet (Oui, vous l'arrachez à mon âme – "Yes, you wring from my soul"), they recognise their mutual passion, but also the obstacles they face. Political concerns have also contributed to the varying fortunes of the work. Soldiers sing of the glories of Gesler and the Emperor. Hearing preparations for the coming festival in the palace grounds, they bid a fond farewell to each other (Sur la rive étrangère – "Though upon a foreign shore"). Živel naj bi v zgodnjem 14. stoletju, v švicarskem kantonu Uri. Tell je bio poznat kao vješt strijelac samostrelom.U to su vrijeme Habsburgovci željeli ojačati svoj utjecaj u Švicarskoj, što je izazivalo pobunu građana. [12], A co-production by the Dutch National Opera and the Metropolitan Opera New York of the opera in the original French opened at the Met in October 2016 with Gerald Finley in the title role. Arnold sees Mathilde, who declares herself "disabused of false grandeur" and ready to join the fight for liberty at his side. Tell invites Melchthal into his chalet; before they move off, Melchthal chides his son for his failure to marry. Tell confesses his desire to kill Gesler with the second arrow, and both he and Jemmy are seized for execution. [6] Another version of the story refers only to Act II. ), This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 11:18. Zahteval je, da se vsi vaščani pred njim priklonijo. Jemmy tells him that, for want of a beacon, he set fire to their home but, before doing so, he retrieved his father's bow and arrows. Gesler notices the affection Tell has for his son, and has Jemmy seized. He sings an anguished aria to Jemmy, instructing him (Sois immobile – "Stay completely still"), and the two separate. [3] In 1864 Offenbach quoted the patriotic trio from Act 2, "Lorsque la Grèce est un champ de carnage" in La Belle Hélène.[3]. Tellu so obljubili svobodo, če sestreli jabolko. [1] Obstaja tudi freska iz leta 1582 v kapeli v Bürglenu, ki prikazuje dogodek. In some versions, Mathilde, Jemmy and Hedwige sing a moving trio (Je rends a votre amour un fils digne de vous – "I return to your love a son worthy of you"). The musician Andy Stewart added lyrics and the song in 1961 became a hit under the name "A Scottish Soldier". Il meurt victime de son amour pour son pays – "Save William! Noticing the second arrow, he demands to know what Tell intended for it. Characters and scenes from the opera William Tell are recognisable on the court cards and aces of William Tell cards, playing cards that were designed in Hungary around 1835. In a complex choir and quartet, the soldiers express their hesitation at arresting this famed archer (C'est là cet archer redoutable – "It's that redoubtable archer"), Gesler forces them to act, and Tell urges Jemmy to flee, but he prefers to stay with his father. Melchthal urges the villagers not to tell Rodolphe who it was who aided Leuthold, and is taken prisoner by the guards. The people acclaim his victory, and Gesler is enraged. By contrast, in Vienna, in spite of censorship problems there, the Vienna Court Opera gave 422 performances over the years 1830 to 1907. He seeks to escape to the opposite shore, but the cowardly Ruodi refuses to take him in his boat, fearing that the current and the rocks make approaching the opposite bank impossible. By the end of the exchange, Arnold is prepared to confront Gesler the moment he arrives; Tell persuades him to at least let the festival pass in peace, but knows he has gained a convert to the cause of freedom. Urging him to "return to the fields of glory", Mathilde assures him of the eventual acceptability of his suit, and leaves at the approach of Tell and Walter. Plans are made to arm the cantons and to rise up when "the beacons of vengeance burn". Mathilde, idole de mon âme!...Ô ma patrie, mon cœur te sacrifie... – "Ah, Mathilde, idol of my soul...O my fatherland, my heart sacrifices to you..."). Ko je šel mimo njega Tell, ne da bi se priklonil, so ga aretirali. Performances have been given in both French and Italian. Tell informs them of Gesler's death, but cautions that Altdorf still stands. In Italy, because the work glorified a revolutionary figure against authority, the opera encountered difficulties with the Italian censors, and the number of productions in Italy was limited. Finally, Tell draws his bow, shoots, and drives the arrow through the apple and into the stake. ô crime! O crime!"). Viljem Tell naj bi se leta 1315 boril v bitki pri Morgartnu. [9] This performance was of the French version, with some cuts to particularly the fourth act (which Pappano noted had been approved by Rossini himself). Arnold appears, and each confesses to the other their desire for this meeting. As Rodolphe and the soldiers promise retribution (Que du ravage, que du pillage sur ce rivage pèse l'horreur! Viljem Tell (nemško Wilhelm Tell; francosko Guillaume Tell; italijansko Guglielmo Tell) je legendarni heroj, katerega resnični (zgodovinski) obstoj je vprašljiv.Živel naj bi v zgodnjem 14. stoletju, v švicarskem kantonu Uri. Her son enters, along with Mathilde, whom Hedwige entreats for assistance. [18], This article is about the Rossini opera. His wife and son add their own interpretation of Ruodi's song, presaging the coming nautical dramas. They question Arnold as to why he loves Mathilde, a member of the oppressing Austrians. The villagers then reassemble, and Melchthal blesses the couples. His father's rebuke provokes an outpouring of despair from Arnold: in his recitative we learn of his previous service in the forces of the Austrian rulers, his rescue of Mathilde from an avalanche, and the conflict between his love for her and his shame at serving the "perfidious power". [15] Its high-energy finale, "March of the Swiss Soldiers", is particularly familiar through its use in the American radio and television shows of The Lone Ranger. Soldiers have noticed Tell and his son in the crowd, refusing to pay homage to the hat, and drag him forward. The day is the hundredth anniversary of Austrian rule in Switzerland. The first Venice production, at the Teatro La Fenice, was not until 1856. The expressive duet in which this takes place again shows the tension Arnold feels between his love for Mathilde and the "fatherland" (Ah! Po kopnem je odšel v Küssnacht, počakal na prihod Gesslerja in ga z lokom ubil. Gesler and the soldiers come into view, intent on recapturing Tell, who kills Gesler with a single shot and the cry, "Let Switzerland breathe!" During the Crimean War John MacLeod transcribed "La tua danza sì leggiera", a chorus part in the third act, to create the tune "The Green Hills of Tyrol", a well-known retreat march in the Scottish bagpipe tradition. Guillaume Tell (barítono)Hedwige (mezzosoprano)Jemmy (soprano)Mathilde (soprano)Arnold Melchtal (tenor)Melchtal (baixo)Gesler (baixo)Walter Furst (baixo)Ruodi (tenor)Leuthold (baixo)Rodolphe (tenor)Un cazador (barítono), Guillaume Tell (en galego, Guillerme Tell) é unha ópera en catro actos con música de Gioachino Rossini e libreto en francés de Étienne de Jouy e Hippolyte Bis, baseados na obra Wilhelm Tell de Friedrich Schiller, que ten como protagonista ao lendario heroe da independencia suíza Guillerme Tell.
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