Genealogy profile for Tommaso di Savoia, II.  In private, Umberto said he found Togliatti "to be a very congenial companion whose intelligence he respected, but was afraid that he suited his conversation according to his company". Tommaso, secondo Samuel Guichenon, era il figlio maschio terzogenito di Tommaso I, Conte di Savoia, d'Aosta e di Moriana, e della moglie, Margherita o forse Beatrice, che secondo la Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium era figlia del Conte di Ginevra, Guglielmo I e della signora di Faucigny, Beatrice.. Share Tree on Facebook  Just before the invasion of Sicily, Umberto had gone on inspection tour of the Italian forces in Sicily and reported to his father that the Italians had no hope of holding Sicily.  More importantly, Victor Emmanuel was proudly misogynistic, holding women in complete contempt as the king believed it to be a scientific fact that the brains of women were significantly more underdeveloped than the brains of men. Compact Family Tree  As Umberto continued as regent, he surprised many after his rocky start in the spring of 1944 with greater maturity and judgement than was expected. The two cities were seeking to force Thomas to acknowledge their independence from Savoy control. He chooses to do this at the very moment when, having been designated lieutenant of the kingdom, he ought to be overcoming doubt and distrust as I personally hoped he would succeed in doing. It's very valuable for advanced genealogy. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 3 set 2020 alle 08:53. ...i SAVOIA-GENOVA, Maria Bona Margherita Albertina di SAVOIA-GENOVA, Adalberto di SAVOIA-GENOVA, Adelaide di SAVOIA-GENOVA, Eugenio di SAVO... Ferdinando Maria di Savoia-Carignano, Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana von Sachsen, ...iliberto di Savoia-Genova, Bona Margherita di Savoia-Genova, Adalberto di Savoia-Genova, Adelaide di Savoia-Genova, Eugenio di Savoia-Genova, Ferdinando di Savoia-Genova, Elisabeth von Sachsen, Turin, Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italy, Castello d'Argile, Emilia Romagna, Italia, Princess Elisabeth of Saxony, Duchess of Genoa, Marchioness Rapallo, Princess Isabella of Bavaria, Duchess of Genoa, Adalberto di Savoia Genova, duca di Bergamo, Margherita of Savoy, Queen consort of Italy, 2nd Duke Tommaso of Genova Di Savoia-Genova, Birth of Tommaso di Savoia, II. , In quello stesso anno morì suo padre; Tommaso I morì il 1º marzo 1233; la Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium riporta che la morte di Tommaso I (comitis Thome de Sabaudia) è avvenuta nel 1232, mentre il documento n° DXXXVII del Regesta comitum Sabaudiae riporta la morte di Tommaso (Thomas comes Sabaudiae) al 1º marzo 1233 (1233, 1 Martii). Father of Fernando di Savoie, III. Previté-Orton, "L'Italia nella seconda metà del XIII secolo", cap.  After her failure – she never met the American agents – she was sent with her children to Sarre, in Aosta Valley, and isolated from the political life of the Royal House. , In quello stesso anno 1248, Tommaso accompagnò il fratello Amedeo IV, furono ambasciatori dell'imperatore presso il papa Innocenzo IV per cercare una riconciliazione tra impero e papato, ma senza successo (forse non riuscirono neppure a parlare con Innocenzo IV).  The Catholic Church presented the referendum not as a question of republic vs. monarchy, but instead as a question of Communism vs. Catholicism, warning to vote for a republic would be to vote for the Communists. anno 1152, pag 841, Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France. After Rome was liberated in June, Victor Emmanuel transferred his remaining constitutional powers to Umberto, naming his son Lieutenant General of the Realm. One of these two alternatives shall occur according to whether the names of the champions or the destroyers of Christian civilization emerge victorious from the urns". View or download a list of up to 20 generations of ancestors who meet a wide variety of criteria. A small riot took place at the Ortona dock as about 200 Italian generals and colonels, who had abandoned their commands and unexpectedly showed up, begged the king to take them with him. Thomas also understood the needs of the emerging merchant class, and worked to provide better rights for them. V, Matthæi Parisiensis, Monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica Majora, vol. Alesia (Savoie) de Savoie, Margaret (Savoie) de Savoie, Konstanze (Savoy) Savoie, Tomasso (Savoie) de Savoie, Amadeus (Savoie) de Savoie, Louis (Savoie) de Savoie, Eléonore (Savoie) de Savoie and Alix (Savoy) Savoie. , Umberto II lived for 37 years in exile, in Cascais, on the Portuguese Riviera. 1 He died on 7 February 1258/59.  By this time, many Fascist gerarchi had become convinced that it was necessary to depose Mussolini to save the Fascist system, and on the night of 24–25 July 1943, at a meeting of the Fascist Grand Council a motion introduced by the gerarchi Dino Grandi to take away Mussolini's powers was approved by a vote of 19 to 8. After recognizing Henry as his suzerain, Thomas received an annual stipend of 500 marks. , Umberto was married in Rome on 8 January 1930 to Princess Marie José of Belgium (1906–2001), daughter of King Albert I of the Belgians and his wife, Queen Elisabeth, née Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria.  As dire as the economic situation was in southern Italy, food shortages and inflation were even worse in northern Italy as the Germans carried out a policy of ruthless economic exploitation.  On 16 July 1943, the visiting papal assistant secretary of state told the American diplomats in Madrid that King Victor Emmanuel III and Prince Umberto were now hated by the Italian people even more than Mussolini. 306, pagg.  Victor Emmanuel simply did not believe that Marie José was competent to serve as a diplomat. Thomas's brothers, Peter and Philip led an army down from Savoy in 1256, and were able to force a negotiated settlement by the end of the year. If Tommaso II's DNA (not a family member's or descendant's DNA) has been tested for genealogical purposes the test or tests should be selected here.  No representative of the Italian government attended his funeral.  Over the opposition of the left-wing parties who wanted the "institutional question" resolved by the Constituent Assembly, De Gasperi announced that a referendum would be held to decide the "institutional question". Here are additional tools to help genealogists collaborate on WikiTree to grow Tommaso II's family history.  During the German occupation, much of the Roman population had lived on the brink of starvation, young people had arrested on the streets to be taken off to work as slave labor in Germany while the Fascist Milizia together with the Wehrmacht and SS had committed numerous atrocities. Sfoglia parole milioni e frasi in tutte le lingue. Brother of The surnames page is a quick reference sheet that displays seven generations of Tommaso II's family names. In 1252, Thomas married Beatrice Fieschi, niece of Pope Innocent IV. He was accorded the title Prince of Piedmont, which was formalised by Royal Decree on 29 September. , Military positions and attempted assassination, M.L.K "Republic versus Monarchy in Italy" p.305-313 from, Learn how and when to remove this template message, referendum on the continuation of the monarchy, Royal Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Justice of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Special Class, Two Sicilian Royal Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Royal Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius, Imperial and Royal Order of the Black Eagle, Royal Order of Saints George and Constantine, Royal Order of Prince Danilo I, Grand Cross Special Class, Order of Michael the Brave, Grand Officer 1st Class, Imperial Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle the First-Called, List of shortest reigning monarchs of all time, "Re di Maggio: Pasquino forgives King Umberto II", "King Umberto as heir wearing 4 Italian Orders", "King Umberto wearing 5 Italian and 1 Belgian Order(s)", "The Constantinian Order's Relationship with the Savoy Dynasty of Italy - Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George", "King Umberto wearing Bulgarian, Yugoslavian and British Orders", "King Umberto wearing Greek and Spanish Orders", "Toison Espagnole (Spanish Fleece) - 20th century", "แจ้งความ เรื่อง พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์", Genealogy of recent members of the House of Savoy, Website with Information on Italian Royal news stories, Newspaper clippings about Umberto II of Italy, Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Umberto_II_of_Italy&oldid=987383114, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Joseph, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Alexander (Bulgaria), Collars of the Order of Saints George and Constantine, Grand Crosses of the Order of Christ (Portugal), Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Recipients of the Order of Karađorđe's Star, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 17:50. Use it to see who else shares your interest in Tommaso II and receives updates about changes to the profile. V, vol.  Umberto was seen as supportive of these efforts to depose Mussolini, but as Ciano (who had turned against Mussolini by this point) complained in his diary the prince was far too passive, refusing to make a move or even state his views unless his father expressed his approval first. He held the office of Regent of Savoy. Umberto II (Italian: Umberto Nicola Tommaso Giovanni Maria di Savoia; 15 September 1904 – 18 March 1983) reigned as the last King of Italy. , By late 1944, the question of whether it was the CLN or the Crown that represented the Italian people came to a head. You will need to login first.  De Gasperi and the other Christian Democratic leaders refused to take sides in the referendum, urging Christian Democratic voters to follow their consciences when it came time to vote. , The count and countess were very generous toward local churches, and Thomas often followed his wife's lead on such matters. CDLIX, pag 170, Histoire généalogique de la royale maison de Savoie, pag 254, Peter der Zweite, Graf von Savoyen, Markgraf in Italien, doc. V, pag 193, C.W. Thomas was born in Montmélian.  La città di Torino, che aveva aderito nel 1255 alla coalizione di comuni guidata da Asti, venne sottoposta sino al 1270 alla signoria di Asti, poi fino al 1276 a quella di Carlo d'Angiò ed infine a quella di Guglielmo VII del Monferrato, al quale verrà strappata (fu fatto prigioniero) da Tommaso III di Savoia. Disponibile in italiano, inglese, spagnolo, portoghese, giapponese, cinese, francese, tedesco, polacco, olandese, russo, arabo, hindi, svedese, ucraino, ungherese, catalano, ceco, ebraico, danese, finlandese, indonesiano, norvegese, rumeno, turco, vietnamita, coreano, tailandese, greco, bulgaro, croato, slovacca, lituano, filippina, lettone, estone e sloveno.  Republican cartoonists mercilessly mocked Umberto's physical quirks, as the American historian Anthony Di Renzo wrote that he was: "Tall, stiff, and balding, he had smooth, clean-shaven blue cheeks, thin lips, and a weak chin. The republic was formally proclaimed four days later, ending Umberto's brief 34-day reign as king.  Croce wrote: "The Prince of Piedmont for twenty-two years has never shown any sign of acting independently of his father. Томас II Савойски или Томас II Пиемонтски (Томазо Секондо ди Савоя, на италиански: Tommaso II di Savoia, на френски: Thomas II de Savoie dit Thomas II de Piémont; * ок. , Nel 1240, Amedeo IV rifece, per la terza volta il testamento, e stabiliva che, in mancanza di un erede maschio, il suo erede era il fratello Tommaso, che però aveva l'obbligo di saldare tutti i debiti suoi, del padre e del fratello defunto, Umberto.. While there, his niece, Eleanor of Provence, gave birth to Edward. Dynamic Tree  Her attempts were not sponsored by the king and Umberto was not (directly, at least) involved in them.  A few hours after France signed an armistice with Germany on 21 June 1940, the Italians invaded France.  Umberto admitted that in retrospect his father had made grave mistakes as king and criticised Victor Emmanuel for a suffocating childhood where he was never permitted to express his personality or hold views of his own. Giovanni; Amedeo I Coda; Burcardo; Aimone; Oddone; Amedeo I (1047-1051) Oddone I (1051-1057) Figli. Profile of Tommaso II Google Play, Android e il logo di Google Play sono marchi di Google Inc. 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Dressed in military uniform as First Marshal of the Empire, decorated with the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, he seemed more like a majordomo than a king. Willelmus, Thomas, Petrus et Bonifacius) fu trovato un accordo con il vescovo di Sion. This trip was part of the political plan of Fascism to link the Italian people living outside of Italy with their mother country and the interests of the regime. U.S. President [WASHINGTON] 's 16-Great Grandfather. 100, pag 47, #ES Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: COMTES de SAVOIE et de MAURIENNE 1060-1417 - HUMBERT de Savoie, Matthaei Parisiensis, monachi Sancti Albani, Chronica majora: 1240-1247, Confirmatur...., pagg 259 e 260, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus IX, Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Leidensis et Divionensis, pagina 308, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus IX, Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Marchianensis, pagina 306, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus XXI, Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, pagina 528, #ES Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, tomus XXIII, Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium. , Umberto in September 1944 vetoed an attempt by the Bonomi government to start an investigation of who was responsible for abandoning Rome in September 1943 as he feared that it show his father was a coward.
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